As reported in the New York Times, Google and Facebook “stroll to the starting line.” I am not talking about a foot race here, but rather the rate of responsiveness in their efforts to vett or block the reporting of fake news on their websites. Here is one account of what these two companies have been doing: “Google and Facebook have been taking steps to curb the number of false news articles propagated across their sites. On Wednesday, the Silicon Valley companies showed that they were still in the early stages of their battle to limit misinformation online.”
Just this week, these tech giants announced that recent updates to their sites will help prevent hoaxes and fake news from being posted. Still, industry watchdogs remain skeptical about the effectiveness of these moves. Some experts remain unconvinced: “Nothing drives clicks better than when the headline is exactly what people want to hear or believe. . . without significant changes to the economies and the technology of online ads, banning individual sites would not produce change in the long run.” In many ways, these efforts showed how the fight against fake news remains a work in progress.
So I guess it all comes back to the individual reader of the news. Whether it’s digital or print, what we choose to believe may all still be in the “eye of the beholder.”
“I cannot give you any idea of what these Talking Books mean to those of us who cannot read ordinary print.” This unsolicited testimonial was sent to the American Federation for the Blind after one of its members began to first listen to recordings of printed book editions. It was then a new technologocal innovation in the 1930s, but technological advances over the last century, and into the twenty-first, have now made almost any printed document accessible to individuals with print disabilities. These technological advances have also made these printed materials available in a multitude of languages that give it a global outreach.
The United States Department of Education (ED) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) have been in the forefront of these efforts. Bookshare.org is funded by the Office of Special Education in ED, and has been a leader in this area for many years, and is now increasing its outreach around the world. AllChildrenReading.org is funded by USAID and is now supporting projects that include enhanced programs for children with print disabilities. Both of these programs utilize technologies that are most readily available in the areas where the children live. Mobile technologies play an increasingly important part in these efforts, particularly in the more remote corners of the globe.
Please visit the websites for these programs identified above. I had the opportunity to be involved in a small way in the development and growth of these projects during my years of federal service.
Trump knew where his message would have the most appeal, Heartland, U.S.A. And please don’t try to sell subscriptions to the “New York Times” or “Washington Post” of you are traveling there. No one is buying anyway. Now these media mainstay publications, along with others, have been looking for an Internet age strategy, but “nobody has found it.” Why browse through a newspaper when you can just “order up” the news you want to read online and forget about the rest. That seems to be what most of middle America has been doing this election year. Just get on the Internet and find something you like (it takes so long to read those old print news articles anyway).
I guess the proof is in the fact that he won the Presidential election with the overwhelming support of midwestern Americans. They elected a man who has rarely traveled west of the Hudson River his entire life (well, okay, New Jersey and Philadelphia to broaden his world view :). One adventuresome online news service based in New York City, ProPublica, is now trying to establish some Midwest roots. It is expanding into Illinois with a 10-person editorial team – laudable to be sure, but it can’t begin to make up for vibrant local papers with dozens of beat reporters, statehouse bureaus and investigative teams. Even with a move to the Midwest, “many in the news media believe that news organizations must rebuild relationships of trust with citizens, even Trump supporters.” Now if only I am able to figure out how that trust was lost? Is that really what happened?
So the suggested strategy is for the Democratic Party to change the media landscape (good luck with that). I think in most cases, people will read what reinforces or confirms their perspectives on the world in general. To learn more about your world takes more than just reading your favorite newspapers or listening to your favorite newscasts.
Just as the Internet has changed most Americans shopping habits, i.e., stay at home and shop online, it now seems that you can now shop for your news and take your pick of what you like. Recent polls show that many of us have burrowed into our own echo chambers of information where we can “shop” for the news that will confirm our own opinions. For years, technologists and other utopians have argued that the online news would be a boon for our democracy. That has not been the case.
If you study the dynamics of how information moves online today, pretty much everything conspires against the truth. Let’s take the traditional standard of documentary proof. Thanks to Photoshop, for example, any digital image can be doctored. Any bit of inconvenient documentary evidence can be freely dismissed as having been somehow altered. Of course, our own behavioral standards play a role in all this. Surveys show that people who liked Mr. Trump saw the Access Hollywood tape where he casually referenced groping women as mere “locker room talk”; those who didn’t like him considered it the worst thing in the world.
Research has has shown that we all tend to filter documentary evidence through our own biases. I think the Internet just makes it easier for us to select only the news with which we agree, or “fits” our definition of the truth.
“All the News That’s Fit to Print.” Well, not exactly anymore, at least in its News App NYT Now. As you may already know, the motto of the New York Times has run into some roadblocks in the digital age. It’s all about the decline in the number of subscribers over the past year. In May 2015, NYT Now had 334,000 total unique subscribers? Over the last three months, the app averaged only 257,000 unique users.
So what is the Times to do? Facebook and Twitter, baby! No “Old Gray Lady” anymore. The Times now has an audience development team that will be looking to third party platforms. I guess it was just a matter of times(s?). NYT Now is not the first app that the Times has retired. In 2014, it shut down NYT Opinion because it failed to gain much traction.
Maybe some people still just like to read the printed newspaper? In this case, it seems that the Times is chasing the digital audience, and there is nothing wrong with that. But instead of printing all the news that’s fit to print, they may be only reporting the news that the digital reader wants to “fit?”
Two weeks ago a new book was published on Amazon as well as other online book publishing formats. I authored one of the essays in this book: “Changed During the Sixties.” The book’s title is “Turning Points: Discovering Meaning and Passion in Turbulent Times.” I hope you will enjoy reading these essays about personal and professional transitions made during this time.
During the remainder of August, I will only be posting commentary on Mondays. I will be “resting” on Labor Day, but will resume my posts on a regular M-W-F basis on September 12.
Twenty minutes at a time on a daily basis will be your limit however. All you need to do is download this handy app on your cell phone (free on iOS devices). There is a small selection of these classics (e.g. “Moby Dick”) right now but the library is expanding daily. It’s called Serial Reader, and I’m thinking this will be taking reading the classics to a whole new level that maybe some of us may not want?
You will not have to buy a book to treasure and read at your leisure. You will only have to check your phone daily to read the latest installment. No skipping ahead here. You will become, what I will call, a programmed reader, unencumbered by hardbound or paperback copies of any classic you might want to read. Lighten your load. All you need is internet connectivity to make it so. No need to browse those bookstores and libraries any more. It can all be in the palm of your hand.
But let’s not forget that we do not all have to be Serial Readers. It’s still your choice, and the reading of books now seems to come in a variety of ways. According to a New York Times survey of subscribers in July and August of last year: 38% only read physical books; 4% only read books on electronic devices; and 58% only read physical books and books on electronic devices. Read on, Macduff!
Got to have those 45s! This phenomenon appears to be more than a nostalgic whim. but I am sure that it plays some part. Some say that the marginalization of the physical (e.g., 45 rpm records) has propelled it into the realm of luxury. But perhaps the biggest irony is that the best place to locate and buy analog items is online. Maybe it really doesn’t matter how you get it, so much as it is the ownership of something that is both sensual and symbolic. It’s reviving an old fashioned consumer experience: you are the “owner” of the latest from a favorite musician, author, film maker, and so on.
At the same time, analog fever does not function in opposition to digital dominance, but in concert with it. YouTube video clips actually show analog social media devices that may be of interest to viewers. No more streaming if that’s not for you. You get to own what you like, and control its access as you determine best. And this is now called a “luxury” that we had lost in the digital world.
I’m old enough now to have lived in both the analog and digital worlds. I guess it’s all about ownership, independence, and prized possessions. Maybe it’s like handing or texting someone a reading list of favorite books as opposed to actually sharing the books themselves?
I still enjoy reading the newspapers and magazines the old-fashioned way – paper in hand, coffee or other beverage sometimes, by my side. Now there are so many other ways to keep informed about whatever is of interest, and finding out whatever else may be of interest, that your choices have become virtually unlimited. And the media you choose in order to stay informed may truly be the “message.”
Are you an “apps” or web person? Digital publishers are now engrossed in making marketing decisions that will increase their readerships and revenues. The mobile website seems to be prevailing in terms of focusing their publication efforts on being the most effective investment of time and resources. As some experts note, it’s become increasingly difficult for anybody trying to do something independently on their own. Unfortunately, the quest for getting people addicted to their business model (i.e., Google, Apple), may outweigh their support for the endeavors of creative working people.
So I don’t think this is the way things were supposed to be. Truly, what a tangled web we have weaved. We still may think that we are the masters of our “Internet destinies,” but you still may have more control when you go to the library (I mean the one with books, magazines, and newspapers in a building).
Well, I would have guessed pixels, and I would have been wrong. The printed page seems to be rising from the paper ashes (no pun intended) and reclaiming some part of the reading market lost to the digital media in recent years. The American Booksellers Association counted 1,712 member stores in 2,227 locations in 2015, up from 1,410 in 1,660 locations five years ago. Publishers are once again investing in their infrastructure for print books.
Paperback sales rose by 8.4 peecent during the first five months of this year. Maybe we all need to be more sensorially engaged in the reading of a book than we would like to admit. Flipping through the pages, or perhaps even the different aromas of well-worn pages or freshly printed texts, are part of sensations of reading that we now miss. The printed words themselves may take us different places as we read, and maybe the relative permanence of the printed pages gives us some assurance that we can always visit there again whenever we wish.
Arguably the digital page can always be retrieved and personal comments and notations retained in the digital device of our choosing. And we can still share these observations and asides digitally across the Internet or even join the local Book Club, but still something seems to be missing. Maybe it’s that old human touch when someone hands you a book that they have enjoyed (with notations included) and shares that experience with you.
Probably more than parents had to buy in the past. And it seems to be the same case in both the public and private school sectors. Parents can now also search on the web for online services that help them get all the supplies their children may need for that first day of school. Of course, traditional school supply retailers and mega-stores also realize that parents are doing more in providing needed school supplies and are now marketing school supplies’ packages that are competitive in pricing.
Some private schools may include school supplies in their tuition pricing, including individual iPad access for all of their students. Public schools in more affluent communities may also be able to provide educational technology tools for their students, but there clearly seems to remain an economic and digital divide across our schools.
Thirty-one percent of school districts in New York have less state aid than they did in the 2009-10 school year. I think that this shrinking support also reflects a disastrous disregard for the economic needs and challenges facing the middle class in this country. These students need more support in preparing for their futures, not less!
It’s like an all-you-can-eat buffet. Just as you may have seen how people fill their plates multiple times and still leave room for dessert, the Internet makes it possible for anyone to fill their brain with anything they want. For buffet goers, what they choose to eat and what they need nutritionally, however, may not be the same thing. Similarly, advertisers on the web have also figured out how to give us a steady diet of only what we want to see, and hopefully buy!
It also seems that we may be “over-socializing” on the web to the detriment of developing our own “real” inter-personal skills. But there is still hope. Remove access to the digital communication tools for several weeks, and researchers have found that social, emotional, and intelligence skills will improve. Sounds a little like going through withdrawal from an addictive habit.
The good news is that our brains can be retrained. Nothing is forever. What a wonderful gift this is, but it is still very much a choice for us.
Have you been gorging on information? Well please don’t feel too bad because you are not the only one. Reseachers are now just beginning to study what the Internet may actually be doing to our brains, and Google seems to be the most likely subject. Doesn’t everybody google?
There is a lot of think about here, at least for my brain, so I am going to blog about it this week in “smaller” pieces that might work for me. Today let’s begin with the fact that the brain is a muscle. The more we search on Google, for example, the stronger it becomes. But it seems that the better (i.e., faster) we become at searching, the more likely we are to overestimate our intelligence. At the same time, we also seem more likely to skim what we read. Faster but not better?
I now see more Trivia games and challenges online. Perhaps an example of a game where we feel that we can test or improve our memory (intelligence?) as many times as we want everyday? Ironically, early research tells us that we are more likely to remember where we found desired information, but not the actual details it contained.
What better way to prepare for college life than spending all that spare time taking MOOCs online or working at a chess camp. Not that there is anything wrong with that, but don’t you think that these kids might be missing something, or enjoy doing something else? I guess some recent high school graduates just can’t wait to dig into real time higher education academia. But are taking courses online what higher education is all about?
Well okay, these courses are really just meant to be resume builders, whether you actually complete them or not! They surely fill up those resume pages, and who knows who might be impressed or curious? I remember when I had a summer job packing college textbooks for the Collier-MacMillan Publishing Company, I simply thought of it as making some summer spending money and possibly saving some cash for the school year ahead. And just to think, I could have included it in my college resume under “Advanced College Preparatory Reading,” or “Getting to Know the Names of Every College Bookstore in the Country.”
Please excuse me of I’m getting a little nostalgic here. I was just a “packer” in a book publisher’s warehouse. We were the male brawn of the shipping operation, while the ladies and coeds (summer) were the more cerebral “pickers” of the correct books for the college bookstore customers. Life was much simpler then.
I don’t go to the movies that often. And now with all of our digital wizardry we will be able to see new releases on our own personal devices much sooner than we ever thought possible, if the movie industry agrees. Why go to the movie theaters at all? It use to be a great place to take a date (maybe some of you remember?)
It the movie companies all agree, which they have not, we may have made “going to the movies” a thing of the past, making it a more personal, individual experience, like reading a book, digitally or the old-fashioned printed page way. Take your pick, but it seems that everything is moving in a “faster is better” way. At the same time, there are so many more ways to access any information or entertainment you want at any time. OstensIbly, this will make everything fit into your busy and busier daily schedules more easily. But how much more do you want, and how much time do you have?
For a more “senior” person like me, more time is certainly available, and I have the freedom to control the amount of time spent in the digital and real worlds. But with so many more digital devices easily available, it can become so much easier to live life exclusively digitally. Unfortunately of you do, you may miss having a real life that can combine the best aspects of both.
There are a lot of challenges in this government-led initiative in southern India. Bangalore University in Karnataka is now offering free undergraduate and graduate courses to the visually impaired, as well as widows, jail inmates, and transgenders. Unfortunately, the biggest hurdle seems to be the requirement that these visually challenged students (and other eligible groups’ members) must have completed pre-university level training, or have participated in the Open University program and have reached 18 years of age. While government officials tout that they have created a distance or open learning mode, there still seem to be many layers of bureaucratic prerequisites creating challenges themselves. I lived and worked in Karnataka for two years as Peace Corps Volunteer in the late sixties, and returned to Bangalore in 2006 to attend an international conference on educational technology for the disabled. And for the month of July 2008, I returned to the Karnataka town where I had worked as a Peace Corps Volunteer to assist the Deshpande Foundation in its inaugural work there.
I have been very fortunate to have had these opportunities to work in India over the course of my career. From my perspective as a recently retired federal employee, which included many conversations with other countries’ representatives as they explored the appropriate uses of technology within their educational systems, I believe that technology empowers learners of all different levels of abilities to create options for learning that works best for them. Government bureaucracies can help, but sometimes I think they can get in the way. For individuals with disabilities, however, governments should still continue to play a role in supporting their citizens’ access to the most appropriate learning tools they may need.
One program funded by the federal government that works domestically and internationally to provide such support is Bookshare (www.bookshare.org). They are very actively involved in India as part of their international outreach. Please take some time to visit their website and find out more about their initiatives for learners with print disabilities.
So I was just reading about the awarding of the U.S. Poet laureate award to Juan Felipe Herrara, a very well-deserved honor to the first Latino to attain this prestigious position. Certainly well-deserved recognition for a man who has also worked as an actor, playwright and musician, in addition to receiving awards for fiction and nonfiction for young children and adults.
Now this makes me wonder if there will someday be awards given to social media commentators? Maybe the real question is whether this type of media is really literature after all. Probably not in the sense of traditional publications in print form, but the media of expression in the virtual world is much more an open platform.
Who will eventually decide what is worthy of national or international distribution when we all can become publishers of what we express through digital media?
I know I have been posting frequently about Facebook’s role in the social media world, but they are truly becoming the leader in shaping your reading habits. Or should I say making you more comfortable in just subscribing to the news you want to read. Other tech companies are also competing in this contest of becoming subscribers’ gateway to the digital world; such as Google starting a social network, Amazon making a phone, and Apple helping you shop online.
Now what’s wrong with that? I guess that’s something we all have to decide, but a couple things come to mind as possible pitfalls in self-selecting the news or information we want to receive. When the protests were happening in Ferguson, Missouri, there was little commentary on these events on Facebook. One advertising website recently reported that just three years ago, forty percent of traffic came from search engines and fourteen percent from social media. Today, social media has outpaced search engines as the preferred gateway to that site.
I may be overreacting but I hope that we will all maintain some autonomy in the use of our digital “guides.” Let’s be careful that they don’t become our “Big Brothers.”
Pardon my German, but to some of us (maybe many of us) the chances of finding the one other person or persons on the planet who look like you have been greatly enhanced thanks to the Internet. Funny, but I never really thought too much about finding that person(s).
Maybe it was because I had three younger brothers who really didn’t look too much like me, or at least I didn’t think so. Of course without the Internet in those prehistoric days, I was probably more concerned with how I could make myself look more like the teen male idols of that generation. If you were around in the late fifties and through the sixties you know who I mean. Many of them were British, and if you lived on the other side of the Atlantic, were male, and let your hair grow (and played a little guitar), you could look more like them, and hopefully make a more favorable impression with the young ladies. And to many at that time, appearances were very important in terms of “connecting” with the contemporary youth culture. We also became more informed and concerned about social, political, and military developments around the world with the click of a TV or radio dial.
So now the young doppelgängers of today are “connecting” in a more global way thanks to the Internet. They share a keen interest in finding look-a-likes around the world. Who knows what’s next? Maybe it’s not too late to find my doppelgängers wherever they may be, but let me think about that.
And don’t blink when you shake my hand. The handshake is still the most popular gesture in the initiation of most of our personal and professional relationships. It seems, however, that eye-to-eye contact in our interpersonal exchanges is becoming a thing of the past for a lot of our kids. Particularly when they spend most of the day looking at digitized screens, or are immersed in a variety of virtual worlds. Even our cars today come equipped with technology designed to entertain the young and old, especially on those long family car rides. Hopefully the car’s driver is able to keep his/her eyes on the road.
Many experts are fearful that this younger generation will be losing the skill to read nonverbal emotional clues that occur in face-to-face conversation. Young people are finding group dating preferable to traditional individual dating arrangements since it does not create as much personal anxiety. Current research also suggests that setting aside some time without using technology improves students’ ability to read nonverbal emotional cues.
Some researchers in this area go even further when they say we can’t become fully human until we learn to look into other people’s eyes.
Sometimes I really worry about the ubiquitous use of smartphones by young Americans since I believe they are increasingly becoming disconnected to the real world around them. And then I read about how smartphones can help other Americans become connected to a new world they had never experienced before. Some of these Americans are much older and unfortunately, homeless.
Ironically, much of this smartphone philanthropy seems to be happening in Silicon Valley, California, but not due to the largesse of the Tech companies that call it home. The nonprofit sector seems to be the most concerned with addressing this inequity. Remember the old adage, “Charity begins at home.” Maybe the problem is that charity is an old-fashioned concept, and the technology of the twenty-first century is seen as the engine of economic growth and not considered an opportunity (survival) tool for many others? Melinda Gates clearly understands how the cellphone can empower women in the developing world, and help lift their families out of poverty (NY Times, 4/1/15). We should also be looking in our own backyards in America, and I am not just referring to Silicon Valley.
Just as we can so easily connect globally with friends and colleagues anywhere in the world, we should be able to expand the world of the homeless in our own country. I recently visited an urban homeless shelter where residents had access to a computer lab that was closely monitored and supervised. Not a bad start, but I think there is more individual empowerment when the technology becomes more mobile.